Orthopaedic MD > OCOSH Classification > Orthopaedic Procedures

Orthopaedic Procedures (Subscribe)


Amputation (17)
Internet Resources relating to Amputation
Approaches (10)
Internet resources relating to orthopaedic surgical approaches
Arthrodesis (6)
Internet resources relating to Arthrodesis
Arthroplasty (105)
Internet resources relating to Arthroplasty
Arthroscopy (7)
Internet resources relating to Arthroscopy and orthopaedic endoscopic surgery
Biopsy (0)
Internet resources relating to biopsy of orthopaedic conditions
Bone Lengthening (3)
Internet resources relating to Bone Lengthening
Bone Transplantation (2)
Internet resources relating to Bone Transplantation and Bone Grafting
Complications (22)
Internet Resources relating to the prevention, diagnosis, and management of complications of orthopaedic procedures (operations, injections, investigations)
Diskectomy (1)
Internet resources relating to discectomy
Fracture Fixation (16)
Internet resources relating to Fracture Fixation
Hyperbaric Oxygenation (1)
Internet resources relating to hyperbaric oxygen treatment HBO for orthopaedic conditions
Injection (2)
Internet resources relating to injection for orthopaedic conditions
Laminectomy (0)
Internet resources relating to Laminectomy
Ligament Reconstruction (2)
Internet Resources relating to ligament reconstruction
Limb Salvage (1)
Internet resources relating to Limb Salvage
Nerve Repair (0)
Internet resources relating to Nerve Repair
Nerve Transfer (0)
Internet resources relating to Nerve Transfer
Neurolysis (2)
Internet resources relating to neurolysis, nerve decompression and release
Osteotomy (5)
Internet resources relating to osteotomies
Pain Control (1)
Internet resources relating to procedures and techniques for pain control
Reimplantation (5)
Internet reources relating to Reimplantation, free flaps, composite tissue transfer, microvascular surgery
Releases (1)
Internet resources relating to release operations
Shoulder Surgery (1)
Internet Resources relating to Shoulder surgery
Synovectomy (1)
Internet resources relating to synovectomy
Tendon Transfer (3)
Internet resources relating to Tendon Transfer
Tenodesis (0)
Internet resources relating to Tenodesis
Tenolysis (1)
Internet resources relating to tenolysis
Traction (2)
Internet resources relating to Traction
Vertebroplasty (3)
Internet Resources relating to vertebroplasty


Key Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery

hemiarthroplasty, preoperative preparation, osteotomy, operative technique, fasciotomy, internal fixation, arthroscopy, skin incision, tibial, radial head, acromioplasty, fifth metatarsal, arthroscopic, external fixation, arthroplasty,

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Massage, Traction, and Manipulation eMedicine PMR

Various forms of massage, traction, and manipulation have been used in medicine throughout the world for several thousand years. Each modality represents an approach to treatment of the musculoskeletal and other systems sought by a steadily increasing number of people. While research on each of these modalities continues, a long-standing variable exists that unites them all—the concept of touch. In the 1940s, Rene Spitz reported on infants in foundling homes who, although otherwise healthy and well cared for, failed to thrive and often died in the absence of being held or touched. Kunz and Krieger additionally defined and taught the principles behind the related concepts of healing touch and therapeutic touch in the 1970s. Although no consensus exists on the complete physiology of massage, traction, or manipulation, these treatment approaches are generally accepted as more than just the interaction of mechanical forces and human anatomy. Touch has a long history of being a natural, essential component of healing and health maintenance.
Synonyms and related keywords: massage, traction, manipulation, healing touch, Eastern massage, Western massage, therapeutic manipulation, soft-tissue manual therapy, effleurage, petrissage, tapotement, deep friction massage, percussion message, deep pressure, Shiatsu, acupressure, reflexology, auriculotherapy
Wieting & Cugalj 2007

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Metallic Alloys eMedicine Orthopedics

Metal has been used extensively in the manufacturing of orthopedic implants in a multitude of different forms. Multiple different materials throughout history have been tested as replacements for bone. Materials as diverse as ivory, wood, rubber, acrylic, and Bakelite have been used in the manufacture of prosthetic implants.
The extensive use in modern times of metallic alloys is related to the availability and success at the beginning of the 20th century of several different alloys made of the noble metals. Implants made from iron, cobalt, chromium, titanium, and tantalum are commonly used. Clinical studies have demonstrated that alloys made from these metals can be used safely and effectively in the manufacturing of orthopedic implants that are left in vivo for extended periods. The mechanical, biologic, and physical properties of these materials play significant roles in the longevity of these implants.
Corces & Garcia 2007

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Superficial Heat and Cold eMedicine PMR

In contrast to deep heating modalities, superficial heating modalities usually do not heat deep tissues, including muscles, because the subcutaneous layer of fat beneath the skin surface acts as a thermal insulator and inhibits heat transfer. Additionally, increased cutaneous blood flow from superficial heating causes a cooling reaction as it removes the heat that is applied externally. In general, the transfer of heat (whether the purpose is heating or cooling) often is classified into 3 general types of heat transfer (ie, conduction, convection, conversion).
Synonyms and related keywords: superficial heat, superficial cold, ice packs, paraffin baths, cryotherapy, Fluidotherapy, hydrotherapy, moist air therapy, radiant heat therapy
Milton J Klein, DO, MBA 2006

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The anatomical basis of the modified volar advancement flap for fingertip reconstruction

Composite digital-end tissue loss in industry and the kitchen is labeled as a "minor" injury. There are no published data to estimate the social and industrial work-hour losses, and other implications accurately; but by all accounts, there is a disproportionate loss in time, money and aesthetic appearance. At present, the standard of care for such injury is with skin graft or skin flaps by a number of techniques. They are sensate or insensate, local or distant, and often involve complex finger immobilization. Some are also technically challenging. Yet no procedure is widely acceptable that restores both optimal functionality and cosmetic outcome rapidly. We advanced this volar advancement flap (VAF) concept modifying upon the technique described by Moberg1 (1964) and Snow2 (1967). However, unlike them, we used one neurovascular bundle with our VAF. It is safe, simple to do, and reproducible. It may be used in any digit and multiple digits at a time for most types of composite tip loss. It restores a sensate, durable, cosmetically acceptable fingertip with minimal loss of digital length, skill and work-hours. Also, this avoids dorsal skin necrosis, loss of sensation, and joint stiffness as seen with cross finger flap and in other VAF techniques.
We present the anatomical study showing the basis of the concept and tested the VAF in a tertiary hospital based, cross-sectional, consecutive case study series. A larger series of prospective study is recommended.
Somes C Guha, Stephen M. Milner and Amitabha Chanda

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Therapeutic Exercise eMedicine PMR

DeLateur defined therapeutic exercise as the prescription of bodily movement to correct an impairment, improve musculoskeletal function, or maintain a state of well-being.1 It may vary from highly selected activities restricted to specific muscles or parts of the body, to general and vigorous activities that can return a convalescing patient to the peak of physical condition.
Synonyms and related keywords: therapeutic exercise, enable ambulation, release contracted muscles, release contracted tendons, release contracted fascia, mobilize joints, improve circulation, improve respiratory capacity, improve coordination, reduce rigidity, improve balance, promote relaxation, improve muscle strength, maximal voluntary contractile force, MVC, improve exercise performance, improve functional capacity, improve endurance
Lieberman, Bockenek & Stendig-Lindberg 2007

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Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation eMedicine PMR

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) currently is one of the most commonly used forms of electroanalgesia. Hundreds of clinical reports exist concerning the use of TENS for various types of conditions such as low back pain (LBP), myofascial and arthritic pain, sympathetically mediated pain, bladder incontinence, neurogenic pain, visceral pain, and postsurgical pain. Because many of these studies were uncontrolled, there has been ongoing debate about the degree to which TENS is more effective than placebo in reducing pain.
Kaye & Brandstater 2007

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